How to Boost Facebook Ad Performance with Dark Posts

Cropped Darkpost Headline Image

Creative optimization is one of the most important aspects of scalable Facebook advertising.  Even small variations in image and copy can have a dramatic effect on click-through rates, cost per click, and down-funnel conversion rates.

One area of creative optimization that’s often ignored, but can lead to significant performance improvements, is post engagement: the comments, likes, and shares that a Facebook ad accumulates when shown to a target audience. 

Post engagements act as social proof for other prospective customers seeing the ad, and they can play an important role in getting people to click on your ad and convert. They also tell Facebook that your ad is relevant to its audience, which leads to lower costs.

Below are two identical newsfeed ads, which one is more appealing?

Facebook Ad with Low EngagementFacebook Ad with High Engagement


How Social Proof Impacts Performance

To understand why social proof matters, you first need to understand how Facebook’s ad auction works. Facebook takes two factors into consideration when determining what ad to show to an audience and how much that advertiser will pay. Those two factors are bid amount and relevance score.

If you and another advertiser are targeting the same audience with the same bid, but your ad has a higher relevance score, then your ad will both win more ad auctions and you’ll also pay a lower cost for showing up. High relevance scores lead to more ad delivery and lower CPMs (cost per thousand impressions), which translate into higher conversion volume and lower customer acquisition costs.

Facebook calculates relevance score (on a scale of 1-10) based on the positive or negative feedback an ad is expected to receive. Facebook doesn’t explicitly define what constitutes positive feedback, but in general, actions that tell Facebook an ad is relevant are counted as positive feedback. These would include clicks, conversions, comments, likes, and shares. When people hide an ad or choose not to see ads from an advertiser it’s counted as negative feedback, indicating to Facebook that an ad is not relevant.

Post engagements have a dual impact on relevance score, since the engagements themselves are considered positive feedback, and also because when users see an ad with high engagement, they are much more likely to take notice and engage with the ad themselves. This, in turn, leads to higher click-through rates which also contribute to higher relevance scores.


Enter the Dark Post

Dark posts, or “unpublished page posts” as Facebook officially calls them, are the page posts that are used for newsfeed ads. They are identical to a public page post on a Facebook page, except they aren’t actually displayed on a Facebook page and are used solely for ads. This allows companies to run Facebook ads without saturating their public Facebook pages with promotional posts.

What many Facebook marketers don’t know is  that there are actually two types of dark posts – those automatically created by Facebook when an advertiser creates a standard newsfeed ad and those that are manually created. The difference between a manual dark post and a standard newsfeed ad dark post is simply the way it’s created – and this has big implications as you’ll see shortly.

To create a standard newsfeed ad, you go into an ad set on power editor or ads manager and click the “create ad” button. This takes you to a window where you input an image, landing page URL, ad copy, choose CTA buttons, etc. Once you’ve created the ad, Facebook automatically generates an “unpublished page post” (which you can see under the “page post” section of the Facebook ads platform). Each time you create a new ad in a different ad set or campaign, it creates a separate dark post even if the ad creative is exactly the same.

For example, say you want to launch the same creative against two different audiences. You’d have to target Audience A in one ad set and Audience B in another, and so you’d need to create two separate ads (and two separate, automatically created dark posts) – one for each ad set. Whatever engagement you earn from Audience A wouldn’t be visible on the other ad served to Audience B, and vice versa.

Since each standard ad creates a different dark post, the social proof from each audience will accumulate only on the ad being shown to that specific audience, which is not optimal if you’re trying to maximize relevance score. This is where creating a manual dark post becomes useful – because it allows you to do exactly that.


How to Create a Manual Dark Post Ad

Step 1: Create an Unpublished Page Post

To create a dark post, first go into the ads manager menu in the top left next to the Facebook icon. Hover over “All Tools” and you will see an expanded menu. Select the “Page Posts” option in “Create & Manage”, right under Power Editor.


Page Post Section of Ads Manager


In the page post manager, click the button to create a post which should bring up the following window:


Unpublished Page Post Creation Window


Once you’ve chosen the copy, URL and image for your dark post ad, you’ll want to select the “This post will only be used as an ad” option above to prevent the dark post from showing up on your business’s Facebook Page, as indicated by the red arrow above.

After hitting “Create Post”, you will see your new ad in the page post manager, along with a post ID. This ID will be necessary to use your dark post in an ad, so make sure and copy it.

Dark Post ID Screenshot

Step 2: Create an Ad

Next, head back over to power editor to create an ad using your dark post. Assuming you’ve already created a campaign and an ad set where you want to place your ad, all you have to do is create a new ad within the appropriate ad set.

In the ad creation window click the option to “use existing post” and enter the dark post ID saved from earlier. This will upload your copy, URL and image to the ad.

Screenshot of the Use Existing Post Option

After it has uploaded, you’ll see a preview of the dark post on the right-hand side of the window:

Dark Post Ad Preview

You can use the same dark post for as many ads as you like by entering its post id into the “Use Existing Post” tab of the ad creation window. To do this at scale, use Power Editor and Excel to create ads using the same dark posts and apply them across your entire account.


Dark Posts Consolidate Social Proof

Instead of letting Facebook automatically generate a new dark post every time you use the same ad for a different audience, bidding strategy, or ad placement – manually creating your own dark post forces Facebook to use it across your relevant ad sets and campaigns. This will consolidate social proof across different ad sets and campaigns, so your separate target audiences all engage with the same ad. Here’s a diagram of how this works.

Standard Ads

Diagram of Standard Ads

Manual Dark Posts


Diagram of A Dark Post Used in Multiple Ad Sets

How Much Do Dark Posts Really Help?

At Growth Pilots we’ve run manual dark post experiments against standard ads for many different clients, and we’ve consistently seen better results from manual dark posts. Here are the results from three different accounts comparing performance between standard ads and manual dark posts over millions of impressions and thousands of clicks:

A Comparison of Data between Standard Ads and Dark Posts

The improvement was substantial across the board. Each metric showed significant improvement, with a 43% higher clickthrough rate, 22% higher conversion rate, 15% lower cost per click, and 30% lower cost per acquisition on average.

Dark posts not only improve performance but also make it much easier to manage ads. For example, suppose you have 5 campaigns in an account with 10 ad sets containing 5 ads each. In that account you’d have to moderate 250 separate ads distributed across 50 different ad sets using standard ads.

If you used manual dark posts to create your ads instead, you’d only have to moderate the same five dark posts that you’ve utilized in all 50 of your ad sets. This will make it much easier to monitor and respond to comments, which is an aspect of Facebook advertising that is often overlooked.

In our experience, manual dark posts outperform standard Facebook newsfeed ads and make ad management easier. We encourage you to test this tactic out yourself to see what kind of performance boost you can achieve by consolidating social proof. Happy dark posting!

6 Comments on “How to Boost Facebook Ad Performance with Dark Posts

  • Do you have data that shows that manual dark posts perform better than boosting a page post? You could just create one page post and run numerous campaigns and ad sets to it. Is the manual dark post a better idea?

    • Hey Tim –

      Great question! While we don’t have data to share on that, you could do as you suggested and create a standard page post to be used across campaigns and ad sets, the same as you would with a manually created dark post.

      The reason why dark posts are often preferred is that many companies don’t want to send direct response ads to their page fans, and page posts are visible to fans of the company page.

  • Is there a way to use the “boost” button on Unpublished Posts? We create unpublished posts for events and run campaigns on our end, but I also need to give access to someone who is an “Advertiser” on the page (usually the venue the event is held at). Typically these people want to just use the boost button, rather than do actual campaigns b/c they’re not always well versed in the ads platform. But when I send them the URL to the unpublished post, there is no boost button….even for Admins. We used to do this all the time….did FB take away this option?

    • David, thanks for the comment! Unfortunately, it looks like Facebook took away that option since they want to push people to use the ads creation funnel for that, or publish the post organically.

      • I stumbled upon this thread as I have a sort of similar question as David. We work a lot with venues who like to promote their event through our socials. I then make them advertiser. What I’m actually not sure about is A) can they then create dark posts on their own B) I usally make a darkpost and tell them to advertise that post by sharing the link. Will my dark post settings (say targeted in the US) limit them from targeting beyond the US C) is there a way for me to see the frequentie of the ad being served to the target group, For brand preservation I don’t want them to overkill the audience with this one ad.

        • Floris, great questions.

          A) Yes they can in the “Page Post” tab, any page manager can create dark posts
          B) You don’t set targeting at the Ad level, they can take the post and use it in ads targeted anywhere
          C) Yes, they can view frequency at the audience level in ads manager for the post specific to the audience in whatever campaign the post is in.

          Hope this helps!

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